For the first time, the National ID (Tazkera) was issued to the citizens of Afghanistan in 1301 (Hejri Shamsi) by the Central Statistics Authority, which had been part of the Ministry of Interior Affairs. Eventually, the Central Civil Registration Authority was established as an independent authority through an official decree (243) from H.E. Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, the president of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, on 22/12/1395 (Hejri Shamsi).

Tazkera is an official identity document which is issued to the citizen of Afghanistan as per the law by authorized entities. Tazkera issuance process has experienced ups and downs and has had different forms during each government. In 1298 (Hejri), the first Tazkera was issued to H.E. King Amanullah Khan by the royal government in Kabul. During H.E. King Zahir Shah’s era, Tazkeras were issued as booklets, and the text “Afghanistan Royal Government” was written on its cover.

The Central Statistics Authority

During the Republic Government of Sardar Mohammad Daru Khan, the cover text of Tazkera booklets was changed from “Afghanistan Royal Government” to “The Republic Government of Afghanistan”.

General Administration of Population Registration

During the Government of Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, Tazkeras were still in the form of booklets; only the cover text was changed to “The Democratic Republic of Afghanistan”.

Populations Registration General Directorate

During the Mujahidin government, still Tazkera was in the form of a booklet, and it had as its cover text “The Islamic Government of Afghanistan”.

Populations Registration General Directorate

During the Taliban regime, the cover text of Tazkera booklet was changed to “Islamic Emirates of Afghanistan”. However, at the time of H.E. Hamid Karzai, the immediate past president, Tazkera was changed from a booklet to a one-page paper.

Populations Registration & Evaluation of Foreign Affairs General Directorate

During H.E. Mohammad Ashraf Ghani’s administration, a revolution has occurred to Tazkera issuance process—the distribution of eTazkeras to the citizens of Afghanistan, based on international standards, will be initiated.

Afghanistan Central Civil Registration Authority

In the 21st century, the era that most nations have been moving toward digital evolution, Afghanistan as a developing country does not want to stay behind. E-governance is one of the strategic objectives of the national unity government, and eTazkera distribution to the citizens is the primary element of establishing e-governance.

E-Governance helps in eliminating the present multi-layer bureaucracy in most nations, and it provides facilities for the services, such as paying taxes, obtaining and updating of driving license, registration of marriage, and other public services.